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Questions to ask yourself:

  1. Can they combine words into phrases?

    1. Example: “a cat”, “I read”

  2. Is agreement correct?

    1. Example: “a shoes”, “he eat”

  3. Can they speak in sentences?

    1. She goes to school.

  4. Are verbs conjugated correctly?​

The last one – verbs – is a big question.  If you have true beginner students, you may not have to worry as much about this as we know true beginners will not conjugate verbs correctly.  For other students, we want to check their passive as well as active knowledge. 

How to target a verb conjugation:

  1. Ask a question using the verb tense.

    1. Example: What did she do? (past) ; What would you do? (conditional)

  2. The answer will tell you their level of comprehension.

    1. Cannot answer = no comprehension

    2. Can answer but with the wrong verb = passive comprehension

      1. Example: If I am a millionaire, I will buy a boat.

    3. Can answer with the right verb sometimes = active use

    4. Uses the verb tense on their own with no prompting = mastered

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